What is GitHub Copilot?

Codecademy Team
Learn about Github Copilot!

Introduction: Understanding GitHub Copilot

GitHub Copilot is not your ordinary code autocomplete tool. It is a revolutionary coding assistant powered by artificial intelligence (AI) that can transform the way we write code. In this section, we’ll delve into the core concepts and features that make Copilot a game-changer in the world of software development.

What Is GitHub Copilot?

GitHub Copilot is an AI-powered coding assistant developed collaboratively by GitHub and OpenAI. It’s built on the foundation of the GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) technology, which enables it to understand natural language descriptions and generate code based on context.

Unlike traditional code autocomplete tools (such as those found in common code editors like VSCode), Copilot goes beyond simple suggestions by offering complete lines, functions, or even entire code blocks based on your coding context and intentions.

Supported Languages and IDEs

GitHub Copilot supports a wide range of programming languages, including JavaScript, Python, Ruby, Go, and more. It is designed to cater to the diverse needs of developers across various technology stacks.

It’s compatible with popular Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) such as Visual Studio Code (VS Code). This means we can seamlessly integrate Copilot into our preferred development environment, enhancing our coding experience.

Licensing and Pricing

GitHub Copilot comes with its own licensing and pricing model. While specifics might change over time, it’s important to understand the terms and costs associated with using Copilot in your projects.

Typically, Copilot is offered through GitHub’s pricing plans, which include both free and paid tiers. The paid plans often provide additional features and support for commercial use.

Keep in mind that GitHub Copilot might have different licensing agreements for personal and commercial use, so it’s essential to review the terms based on your project’s requirements.

Capabilities and Limitations

GitHub Copilot has impressive capabilities, but it’s not perfect. It excels in generating code based on context and descriptions, but developers should exercise caution and review its suggestions to ensure correctness, security, and adherence to project-specific standards.

While Copilot is proficient in understanding natural language, it will not fully replace a developer’s expertise, especially for intricate or domain-specific tasks.

Community and Ecosystem

Copilot benefits from the vast GitHub community and ecosystem. Developers worldwide contribute to its improvement by providing feedback, creating plugins, and sharing their experiences.

GitHub Copilot integrates with GitHub’s code repositories, making it a valuable tool for collaborative development. It can assist in pull request reviews, suggesting changes and enhancements.

By grasping these fundamental aspects of GitHub Copilot, we can harness its potential. In the following sections, we’ll explore how to get started with Copilot, integrate it into our development environment, and utilize its features to become a more efficient developer.

Getting Started with GitHub Copilot

In this section, we’ll walk you through the initial setup process, linking Copilot to your GitHub account, and ensuring you have the necessary permissions.

Installation and Setup

  • Step 1: Install a Supported IDE: To get started with GitHub Copilot, you’ll need an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) that supports it. Visual Studio Code (VS Code) is one of the most popular choices. Ensure that you have VS Code installed or choose another supported IDE according to your preference.

  • Step 2: Install the GitHub Copilot Extension: Once your IDE is set up, you can install the GitHub Copilot extension. In VS Code, visit the VS Code marketplace and search for “GitHub Copilot.” Click the “Install” button to add the extension to the IDE.

  • Step 3: Sign in to GitHub: Launch your IDE, and you’ll be prompted to sign in with your GitHub account. If you don’t have one, you’ll need to create an account on GitHub. This step is essential to link Copilot to your GitHub repositories.

Linking to GitHub

  • Step 4: Authorize GitHub Copilot: After signing in, GitHub Copilot will request permission to access your GitHub account. Authorize the extension to connect to your account.

  • Step 5: Repository Access: Copilot needs access to your repositories to understand your project’s context. Ensure that you grant the necessary permissions for the specific repositories you plan to work on with Copilot.

Authentication and Permissions

  • Step 6: Set Up SSH or Personal Access Tokens: Depending on your GitHub settings and security preferences, you might need to set up SSH keys or generate personal access tokens to authenticate your IDE with GitHub. These credentials ensure secure communication between Copilot and your repositories.

  • Step 7: Configure Repository Access: In your GitHub account settings, navigate to “Developer Settings” and configure repository access for Copilot. Ensure that Copilot can read and write to repositories as needed for your projects.

With these steps completed, you’re ready to start using GitHub Copilot within your development environment. It’s important to note that Copilot’s effectiveness is closely tied to the repositories it has access to, so be sure to configure permissions appropriately.

In the upcoming sections of this tutorial, we’ll delve into how to use Copilot effectively, from basic code generation to advanced techniques. You’ll soon discover how Copilot can become an invaluable coding companion, improving your productivity, and helping you write high-quality code more efficiently.

Using GitHub Copilot Effectively

Now that you have GitHub Copilot installed and linked to your GitHub account, it’s time to harness its full potential. In this section, we’ll explore the several ways you can use Copilot effectively to boost your productivity, adhere to best practices, and even debug your code.

Basic Code Generation

Code Autocompletion: Copilot excels at code autocompletion. As you type, it suggests code snippets, function definitions, and variable names that are contextually relevant to your current coding task.

Code Blocks and Functions: To create a new function or code block, start typing the function name or code structure and Copilot will provide suggestions. Accepting these suggestions can save you time when writing boilerplate code.

Natural Language Assistance

Descriptive Comments: One of Copilot’s powerful features is its ability to generate code from natural language descriptions. You can write comments in plain English describing what you want to achieve, and Copilot will generate the corresponding code.

Conversational Programming: You can engage in conversational programming with Copilot by asking questions or providing descriptions of your solution requirements. Copilot responds to your natural language input with code suggestions.

Coding Best Practices

Coding Standards: Copilot can help you adhere to coding standards and best practices. It suggests code that follows industry conventions, improving the readability and maintainability of your code.

Error Handling: When writing error-handling code, Copilot can provide suggestions for catching exceptions, logging errors, and handling them gracefully.

Debugging and Error Handling

Troubleshooting: If you encounter an error in your code, you can use Copilot to assist in debugging. To do this, write a description of the issue in a comment, and Copilot may suggest debugging strategies or solutions.

Test Case Generation: Copilot can also help generate test cases or unit tests based on your code. This can be valuable for maintaining code quality and ensuring that your code works as expected.

Incorporating Copilot into your coding workflow involves embracing its assistance when it’s helpful and critically evaluating its suggestions to ensure they align with your project’s requirements and coding standards.

Tips for Effective Copilot Usage:

  • Review Suggestions: Always review Copilot’s suggestions. While it’s a powerful tool, it’s fallible, and you should ensure that the generated code meets your project’s specific needs.
  • Provide Clear Context: When using natural language input, provide clear and concise descriptions of your coding intentions. The more context you provide, the more accurate Copilot’s suggestions will be.
  • Use Custom Snippets: Consider creating custom code snippets for your project’s unique patterns or frequently used code structures. Copilot can learn from these snippets and provide more tailored suggestions.
  • Collaborate and Learn: Collaborate with team members who use Copilot and share your experiences. It can be a valuable tool for learning and improving your coding skills.
  • Stay Security-Conscious: Be mindful of security best practices. Copilot may not always generate secure code, so it is essential to review and validate code for potential vulnerabilities.

By using GitHub Copilot effectively, you can significantly enhance your coding experience, improve code quality, and accelerate your development process. In the next section of this tutorial, we will explore advanced techniques and tips for taking your Copilot usage to the next level.

Advanced Techniques and Tips

GitHub Copilot is a versatile tool that can adapt to various coding scenarios and workflows. In this section, we will explore advanced techniques that can help you maximize the benefits of Copilot for more complex projects and collaborative development.

Custom Code Snippets

Creating Custom Snippets: GitHub Copilot allows you to create and save custom code snippets. This is especially valuable for frequently used patterns, project-specific code, or complex logic that you want Copilot to generate accurately.

Teaching Copilot: By using custom snippets, you can effectively teach Copilot your project’s coding conventions and unique patterns. Copilot will learn from these snippets and offer more contextually relevant suggestions.

Working with Frameworks and Libraries

Leveraging Frameworks: If you are developing with a particular framework or library, Copilot can assist by providing code snippets and function calls specific to that framework. This can significantly speed up your development process.

Integrating with APIs: When working with external APIs or services, Copilot can generate code for making API requests, handling responses, and integrating data seamlessly into your application.

Code Reviews and Collaboration

Code Review Assistance: GitHub Copilot can be an asset during code reviews. It can suggest code improvements, point out potential issues, and help ensure that the code adheres to best practices.

Collaborative Development: When collaborating with team members, Copilot can assist in maintaining code consistency across the project. It helps ensure that everyone follows the same coding standards and conventions.

Automating Repetitive Tasks

Task Automation: Copilot can automate repetitive coding tasks, such as data serialization, file handling, or database queries. By generating this code, you can focus on higher-level aspects of your project.

Boilerplate Code: Copilot is excellent at generating boilerplate code for new components or modules. It can save you time when setting up the initial structure of your code.

Enhancing Productivity

Code Generation in Batches: If you need to generate a significant amount of code quickly, Copilot can assist by providing code in batches. This can be useful when scaffolding multiple similar components.

Code Refactoring: Copilot can help with code refactoring tasks by suggesting improvements to existing code, making it more maintainable and efficient.

Contribute to Copilot’s Learning

Provide Feedback: As you use Copilot, consider providing feedback on its suggestions. GitHub encourages user feedback to improve Copilot’s accuracy and utility.

Share Knowledge: Sharing your experiences and knowledge with the GitHub Copilot community can help others learn how to use it effectively and discover unique use cases.

Stay Security-Conscious

Security Awareness: When using Copilot for security-related code, be especially vigilant. Review generated code for potential security vulnerabilities and follow security best practices.

By embracing these advanced techniques and tips, you can take full advantage of GitHub Copilot’s capabilities and elevate your coding experience. Remember that Copilot is a versatile tool that can adapt to your specific needs, making it an asset for both individual and team-based development projects.


In this comprehensive guide, we have explored GitHub Copilot, your AI-powered coding companion, from its foundational concepts to advanced techniques. Let us summarize the major topics covered:

  • Understanding GitHub Copilot
  • Getting Started with GitHub Copilot
  • Using GitHub Copilot Effectively
  • Advanced Techniques and Tips

By mastering these topics and following the tips provided throughout the tutorial, you are well-equipped to integrate GitHub Copilot seamlessly into your coding workflow. Whether you are a beginner seeking guidance or an experienced developer looking to boost productivity, Copilot offers a world of possibilities in the realm of software development. Embrace this innovative tool and unlock new horizons in your coding journey.

To see what else you can do with generative AI in general, check out some of the articles located here: AI Articles.