Bash (or shell) scripting is a great way to automate repetitive tasks and can save you a ton of time as a developer. Bash scripts execute within a Bash shell interpreter terminal. Any command you can run in your terminal can be run in a Bash script. When you have a command or set of commands that you will be using frequently, consider writing a Bash script to perform it.
There are some conventions to follow to ensure that your computer is able to find and execute your Bash scripts. The beginning of your script file should start with
#!/bin/bash on its own line. This tells the computer which type of interpreter to use for the script. When saving the script file, it is good practice to place commonly used scripts in the
The script files also need to have the “execute” permission to allow them to be run. To add this permission to a file with filename:
chmod +x script.sh
Your terminal runs a file every time it is opened to load its configuration. On Linux style shells, this is
~/.bashrc and on OSX, this is
~/.bash_profile. To ensure that scripts in
~/bin/ are available, you must add this directory to your
PATH within your configuration file:
Now any scripts in the
~/bin directory can be run from anywhere by typing the filename.
In the code editor, at the top of the script.sh file, add a line to specify that the script should be run using bash.
echo bash command to script.sh to make the script print “Hello Codecademy!” when the script is run.
In the provided terminal, type out the command to run the script.