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Let’s reinforce what we learned in the previous exercise by practicing our counting to eight in binary. Eight may seem like a random number to stop at, but check out the table below and try to pick up the pattern of the counting.

Decimal Binary
0 0
1 1
2 10
3 11
4 100
5 101
6 110
7 111
8 1000

Each time we reach a power of two we have to add another digit. For example, when we reach the number 2 or 21, the binary value goes from 1 to 10.

Similarly, when we reach decimal 4 (22), in binary we go from 11 to 100. This pattern continues for all the powers of 2 (0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, etc).

In fact, this brings us to our first trick to figuring out a number in binary. The highest a binary number can be is 2n - 1, where n is the number of digits in the binary number.

011010001010 is 12 digits long; therefore, the highest number that can be represented in binary with these digits is 4095:

212 - 1 = 4095

If we changed all the digits of our 12-digit binary number to 1s, we get 4095 in decimal.

111111111111 = 4095

Our next trick you may have picked up yourself. You will notice that all odd numbers in binary end in 1 and all even numbers end in 0. This is a quick way to double-check your work.

Instructions

1.

Create a variable called answer1 and set it equal to the highest numerical value that can be represented in a 13-bit binary number, eg 1111111111111.

2.

Now let’s try two more! Create two more variables called answer2a and answer2b and set them equal to the highest numerical value that can be represented in a 5-bit binary number and a 15-bit number respectively.

3.

Finally, create two more variables, answer3a and answer3b. Set answer3a equal to the MSB and answer3b to the LSB of the binary number 011100100011.