Programmers play a significant role in game development. They turn designers’ visions into code to create video games by implementing features like physics, AI, networking, and even creating tools to accompany the rest of the development team. Let’s discuss some of the popular programming languages in game development.


C++ is the most popular programming language used for game development. Its unmatched performance and proximity to hardware make it the standard for consoles and PC. The language’s low-level components may make it a complex language to learn, but it might be worth the time and effort for developers looking for the most flexibility and control over their games. Moreover, C++’s object-oriented design helps us create maintainable and reusable code. Even though C++’s latest revisions have modernized the language, developers may prefer other languages when coding time is more important than performance.


C# is a simple and modern object-oriented language designed by Microsoft. While it’s a perfect language for building games on Windows and Xbox, Microsoft has developed tools and frameworks to make their language cross-platform. It can also be used as a backend language to communicate with servers.


Java is a cross-platform, object-oriented language that runs on a virtual machine, making games easier to scale and distribute. Its collection of open-source material and support for multithreading and socket programming make it popular for building indie, mobile, and multiplayer games.

HTML5 and JavaScript

HTML5 is the core technology behind games run on web browsers and mobile platforms like iOS and Android. It packages HTML, CSS, and JavaScript together to create interactive online games. Since games built with HTML5 are deployed in a web browser, they can be played by virtually anyone.


Lua is a high-level, lightweight, and cross-platform language that runs on virtual machines. Because game development often incorporates multiple languages to capture the designers’ vision fully, game developers find Lua convenient due to its highly embeddable nature. This makes it easy to integrate into other applications. Roblox is an excellent example of integrating Lua to create games using a game engine, which we will cover in the next exercise.


Click through the slideshow to review the programming languages introduced in this exercise.

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