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Now that we’ve created a couple of static variables, let’s start to edit them. The good news is that editing static variables is similar to editing any other variable. Whether you’re writing code in a constructor, a non-static method, or a static method, you have access to static variables.

Before we jump into the checkpoints, let’s think about times when you might want to edit static variables. Often times, you’ll see static variables used to keep track of information about all objects of a class. For example, our variable numATMs is keeping track of the total number of ATMs in the system. Therefore, every time an ATM is created (using the constructor), we should increase that variable by 1. If we could somehow destroy an ATM, the method that destroys it should decrease numATMs static variable by 1.

Similarly, we have a variable named totalMoney. This variable is keeping track of all money across all ATMs. Whenever we remove money from an ATM using the non-static withdrawMoney() method, we should modify the money instance variable for that particular ATM as well as the totalMoney variable. In doing so, all ATMs will know how much money is in the system.

Instructions

1.

Edit the constructor to increase numATMs by 1 every time an ATM is created. In the main method, we’re printing out numATMs before and after creating some ATMs. You should expect to see that number go up as you create ATMs.

2.

Edit the constructor so when a new ATM is created, the amount of money that ATM starts with gets added to the static variable totalMoney.

3.

Edit the withdrawMoney() method so when money is taken out of a specific ATM, the static variable totalMoney also reflects that change.

Take a look at the main() method — we’re printing totalMoney before and after withdrawing money from a couple of ATMs.

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