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Let’s first review how to access elements in regular arrays.

For a normal array, all we need to provide is an index (starting at 0) which represents the position of the element we want to access. Let’s look at an example!

Given an array of five Strings:

String[] words = {"cat", "dog", "apple", "bear", "eagle"};

We can access the first element using index 0, the last element using the length of the array minus one (in this case, 4), and any of the elements in between. We provide the index of the element we want to access inside a set of brackets. Let’s see those examples in code:

// Store the first element from the String array String firstWord = words[0]; // Store the last element of the String array String lastWord = words[words.length-1]; // Store an element from a different position in the array String middleWord = words[2];

Now for 2D arrays, the syntax is slightly different. This is because instead of only providing a single index, we provide two indices. Take a look at this example:

// Given a 2D array of integer data int[][] data = {{2,4,6}, {8,10,12}, {14,16,18}}; // Access and store a desired element int stored = data[0][2];

There are two ways of thinking when accessing a specific element in a 2D array.

  • The first way of thinking is that the first value represents a row and the second value represents a column in the matrix
  • The second way of thinking is that the first value represents which subarray to access from the main array and the second value represents which element of the subarray is accessed

The above example of the 2D array called data can be visualized like so. The indices are labeled outside of the matrix:

Row and column indexes start at 0 in the top left corner and increase going to the right and down

Using this knowledge, we now know that the result of int stored = data[0][2]; would store the integer 6. This is because the value 6 is located on the first row (index 0) and the third column (index 2). Here is a template which can be used for accessing elements in 2D arrays:

datatype variableName = existing2DArray[row][column];

Here is another way to visualize the indexing system for our example integer array seen above. We can see what row and column values are used to access the element at each position.

Accessing the item in the top left corner would be data[0][0]

When accessing these elements, if either the row or column value is out of bounds, then an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException will be thrown by the application.

Instructions

1.

Access the integer at the first row and fourth column of intMatrix and store it in a variable called retrievedInt.

If you’d like to check your work, print retrievedInt after creating it.

2.

Print the center value of intMatrix multiplied by 3 to the console. Make sure to access the correct element!

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