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Up to this point, we have still been operating strictly in the Java language within our application. Now that we have firmly established a connection with our database and successfully created a statement manager, it is time to begin blending SQL into our program.

As a reminder, SQL is the language of relational databases. The term “relation” is just a fancy word for a table and how the data across multiple tables can be related to each other. All data in a relational database is stored inside these tables, broken down into columns and rows.

Inside CustomerDaoService, most of our methods are waiting on some preliminary data manipulation and then the injection of the actual SQL statements to execute “queries” or commands on the database. While this isn’t a SQL-focused lesson, we will make sure you walk away with a functional program and the ability to store your application’s data into a persistent data source.

As it stands, we currently have an entirely empty database, “MYSTERY_BUSINESS.db”, without even a table to its name, just an empty shell, like a variable that has been declared but not initialized. In SQL, we use the command “CREATE TABLE” followed by the table name and then the column names and data types. Let’s look at our Customer model and how it will translate into a table in SQLite: Java to SQLite Datatype Conversion

Instructions

1.

Go to the .createTable() method in CustomerDaoService.java, there is a new String variable, createTableStatement, that currently consists of seven lines of empty strings.

In the first empty string component, enter the command to create a new table called CUSTOMERS followed by an open parenthesis.

We’ve included a sample SQL file, commands.sql so you can see a completed create table SQL command.

2.

Inside the empty String on the next line:

  1. Enter the column name, “CUST_ID”
  2. Leave a space and enter the data type, “INTEGER”
  3. Leave a space and enter our column constraint, “PRIMARY KEY”, followed by a comma.
3.

Use the graphic from the narrative and fill out the commands to create the rest of the columns:

  1. CUST_F_NAME, CUST_L_NAME, CUST_EMAIL, and CUST_CELL_NUM. All the columns should be on their own line in the String.
  2. After the data type, each column will also have the constraint “NOT NULL”, meaning that there must be an entry in that column, we don’t want to add customers that don’t have all their data. Remember, the end of each datatype declaration should be a comma, “,” except the CUST_CELL_NUM because it is the last in the list.
  3. The last line of the String should be a closed parenthesis and a semicolon, “);”
4.

Inside the try-with-resources block, before the statement that lets users know the table was created successfully, add a call to the .executeUpdate() method of our statement object. Pass in the createTableStatement String as a variable to the method.

5.

Finally, navigate to BusinessLogic.java, inside the .main() method, add a call to the updated .createTable() method of the CustomerDaoService class.

6.

Compile and run your program:

  1. Navigate to the projects folder in the terminal (use ‘cd’ to change directories).
  2. Use the command javac $(find . -name '*.java') to compile all .java files in all subdirectories of the project folder.
  3. Run your program with the classpath variables like before: java -classpath .:../sqlite-jdbc-3.36.0.3.jar viewmodels.BusinessLogic.

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