You’ve seen how React Context Providers can be used in multiple places in a React app. Here’s an brief example of a GreeterContext used to sets up different greetings for child components:

<GreeterContext.Provider value="Salut!"> <ChildComponent /> </GreeterContext.Provider> <GreeterContext.Provider value="Hallo!"> <ChildComponent /> </GreeterContext.Provider>

A Context Provider may be a child in the application tree underneath an earlier Context Provider. Components subscribing to a Context’s Provider will receive the value for the .Provider component closest to them in the application tree. This pattern is sometimes referred to as “nesting”.

<GreeterContext.Provider value="Salut!"> <HighLevelComponent> {// GreeterContext's value is "Salut!" here} <GreeterContext.Provider value="Hallo!"> <LowLevelComponent /> {// GreeterContext's value is "Hallo!" here} </GreeterContext.Provider> </RootComponent> </GreeterContext.Provider>

In this example, we have two components that are used within the GreeterContext.Provider: HighLevelComponent and LowLevelComponent. Each component will use the value of the nearest GreeterContext.Provider. In this case, HighLevelComponent will have the value "Salut!" when using GreeterContext while the LowLevelComponent will have the value "Hallo!".

We’re going to use Context nesting to set up nested theming in our contacts management app:

  • One root context around the entire application will set up a root theme for the entire application.
  • A nested context in each section of contacts will override the root theme for their section’s contact items.



Import ThemeArea into index.js and wrap the <ContactsApp /> with a ThemeArea. Give it an initialTheme prop value of "light".


Great! Now that ContactsApp is inside a ThemeArea, it can use the value of the ThemeContext. Next, we’ll extract the theme inside ContactsApp.

  • Import ThemeContext and React’s useContext into ContactsApp.js.
  • Then, call useContext() to Retrieve the theme value in the ContactsApp component.
  • Finally, use theme to give the rendered <div> a className prop like so:
<div className={`theme-${theme}`}>

Since the theme is initially set to "light", the application should start off with the class "theme-light".


Let’s give users the option to change the root application theme as well. Import the ThemeSwitcher component from ThemeSwitcher.js into ContactsApp.js and render it after the <h1> heading.

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