Learn

The characters of a string are accessed using the same methods as those for a regular array. It’s important to note that since strings are arrays of characters, they are subject to all of the same constraints as an array. This means a string cannot be extended to add new characters, and a character in a string cannot be deleted!

Recall from the lesson on arrays that an element in an array is accessed like so:

arr[idx]

In the case of strings, the index, idx, represents the character at that index. And just like arrays, the nth character is at index n-1. Here is an example:

char str[] = {'H', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o', ' ', 'W', 'o', 'r', 'l', 'd', '\0'}; char str2[] = "Hello World"; printf("%c\n", str[6]); // "%c" required to instruct printf() that it is to expect a character. printf("%c", str2[6]);

The code above creates the string “Hello World” in both ways. str[6] and str2[6] will access the character at index six, which is the seventh character in both strings, respectively. In this case, this character is 'W', which is the same for both strings since they are identical.

Modifying a character in a string is done in the same way as modifying an element in an array regardless of how the string was created:

arr[idx] = newValue

In the case of strings, newValue represents the new character to be placed. Remember, that it is not possible to add characters or delete them. Here is an example:

char str[] = "Hello Yorld"; printf("%s\n", str); // This will print Hello Yorld to the screen str[6] = 'W'; // Replace 'Y' with 'W' printf("%s\n", str); // This will print Hello World to the screen

Instructions

1.

Print the third character of the string p.

2.

The string p incorrectly attempts to spell the word “processor”. Correct this mistake.

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