Our users are now able to create accounts and log in. You may be curious, and ask yourself, “How can I make sure that they manipulate only their data and not someone else’s?”

We solve this association problem by making every dinner party an instance of a DinnerParty model, where each party is created by an instance of the User model. We can then use the unique identifying attributes of each object to ensure functionality like creating new dinner parties hosted by a specific user and letting users RSVP to a specific dinner party.

We can update our user endpoint with functionality to check for existing dinner parties and create a new dinner party using a form:

def user(username): user = User.query.filter_by(username=username).first_or_404() dinner_parties = DinnerParty.query.filter_by(party_host_id=user.id) if dinner_parties is None: dinner_parties = [] form = DinnerPartyForm(csrf_enabled=False)
  • query the DinnerParty model for all dinner parties where the party host is our logged-in user, and store the parties in dinner_parties
  • if there is no dinner party hosted by the logged-in user, set dinner_parties to an empty list
  • create a DinnerPartyForm named form

Once the user submits the form for a new dinner party, we can use the form data to create a new DinnerParty instance:

# user route continued if form.validate_on_submit(): new_dinner_party = DinnerParty( date=form.date.data, venue=form.venue.data, main_dish=form.main_dish.data, number_seats=int(form.number_seats.data), party_host_id=user.id, attendees=username) db.session.add(new_dinner_party) db.session.commit() return render_template('user.html', user=user, dinner_parties=dinner_parties, form=form)
  • if form validates, create a new DinnerParty object new_dinner_party
  • the DinnerParty attributes (date, venue, …, attendees) are assigned values from their accompanying form field data
  • the attendees attribute is initialized with the logged-in user’s username
  • new_dinner_party is added to the session and committed

We can create a new route that will allow users to see all the dinner parties that are happening and provide a form for RSVPing to a specific party:

def rsvp(username): user = User.query.filter_by(username=username).first_or_404() dinner_parties = DinnerParty.query.all() if dinner_parties is None: dinner_parties = [] form = RsvpForm(csrf_enabled=False) if form.validate_on_submit(): dinner_party = DinnerParty.query.filter_by(id=int(form.party_id.data)).first() dinner_party.attendees += f", {username}" db.session.commit() return render_template('rsvp.html', user=user, dinner_parties=dinner_parties, form=form)
  • set user to the logged-in user
  • query all dinner parties in the DinnerParty model and save them to dinner_parties for display on the page
  • create an RSVP form named form
  • if form validates, query the DinnerParty model for the dinner party with an id that matches the id entered in the form
  • update the attendee list with the logged-in user’s username and commit the change



Let’s start by adding dinner party creation functionality to our application! In order to make the code easier to navigate in the workspace, we’ve split the code into multiple files: routes.py, models.py, forms.py, and app.py.

Review the code in models.py, where a DinnerParty class has been implemented with the following attributes: id, date, venue, main_dish, number_seats, party_host_id, and attendees.

Then navigate to forms.py, where a DinnerPartyForm form has been implemented with the following fields: date, venue, main_dish and number_seats.

When you have reviewed the class and the form, run the code to proceed to the next checkpoint. View the hint for more detailed information about the class and form!


Navigate back to routes.py. The user route has been updated to include much of the code necessary for creating a new dinner party, but the code for creating a new DinnerParty instance is incomplete.

Update the values of each attribute in the definition of the DinnerParty instance new_dinner_party.

Set the values as follows:

  • date as the date set in form
  • venue as the venue set in form
  • main_dish as the main dish set in form
  • number_seats as an integer of the number of seats set in the form
  • party_host_id as user‘s id attribute
  • attendees as the username of the current user

In routes.py we’ve added a new route, rsvp(), that allows logged-in users to RSVP to a dinner party. In order for a user to RSVP, you need a simple RSVP form. Navigate to forms.py and review the provided RsvpForm, with its one field, party_id.

Now you can query the DinnerParty model to find the specific dinner party the user wants to RSVP for. Query DinnerParty and filter_by() the party_id as entered on the form. Select the first() value from the query, and save the result to a variable dinner_party.


Now that you have the dinner party the user wants to RSVP for, you can add them to the attendee list! Update dinner_party‘s attendees attribute as follows:

dinner_party.attendees += f", {username}"

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