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Learn Java: Manipulating Variables
Multiplication and Division

Let’s say that our employer is calculating our paycheck and depositing it to our bank account. We worked 40 hours last week, at a rate of 15.50 an hour. Java can calculate this with the multiplication operator *:

double paycheckAmount = 40 * 15.50; //paycheckAmount now holds 620.0

If we want to see how many hours our total balance represents, we use the division operator /:

double balance = 20010.5; double hourlyRate = 15.5; double hoursWorked = balance / hourlyRate; //hoursWorked now holds 1291.0

Division has different results with integers. The / operator does integer division, which means that any remainder is lost.

int evenlyDivided = 10 / 5; //evenlyDivided holds 2, because 10 divided by 5 is 2 int unevenlyDivided = 10 / 4; //unevenlyDivided holds 2, because 10 divided by 4 is 2.5

evenlyDivided stores what you expect, but unevenlyDivided holds 2 because ints cannot store decimals!

Java removes the 0.5 to fit the result into an int type!

Instructions

1.

In main(), there is a variable called subtotal, which represents the subtotal of an amount to pay on a bill, and a variable called tax, which represents the amount of tax added to the subtotal.

Create a double variable, total, that holds subtotal plus the product of subtotal and tax.

Print the total variable!

2.

There were 4 people who bought this meal together and want to split the cost.

Create a double variable called perPerson that holds total divided by 4.

Print the perPerson variable!

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