In this lesson, we’re going to dive into how to create classes with your own static methods and static variables. To begin, let’s take a quick refresher on static methods.
Static methods are methods that belong to an entire class, not a specific object of the class. Static methods are called using the class name and the
. operator. We’ve seen a couple of static methods already!
double randomNumber = Math.random(); // Stores a random decimal between 0 and 1 in randomNumber double number = String.valueOf("2.5"); // Transforms the String "2.5" into a double
In the first example,
random() is a static method that belongs to the
Math class. We didn’t need to create a
Math object (like
Math myMathObject = new Math()) in order to use that method. We could just call it using the class name.
valueOf() is a static method of the
String class. Given a
String as an input, this method will turn that
String into a
double. Again, we don’t need to create a
String object in order to call this method — we use the class itself to call it.
Finally, notice that our
main() methods have been
static this whole time. When Java runs your program, it calls that the main method of your class —
We’ve set up some code with a handful of common static methods. We’re using:
Take a look at the documentation for these methods and try to figure out what they do.
You can also look at the documentation for the entire Math class which has many more static methods. Find a static method that looks interesting to you, and try to use it!