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Now that we know how MongoDB identifies each individual document, let’s focus on the Create aspect of CRUD operations. Specifically, how do we start adding new documents to our collections? In MongoDB, we can use the .insertOne() method to insert a single new document!

The syntax for the method looks as follows:

db.<collection>.insertOne( <new_document>, { writeConcern: <document>, } );

The .insertOne() method has a single required parameter, the document to be inserted, and a second optional parameter named writeConcern. We won’t be working with the writeConcern parameter in this course, but more details about the parameter can be found in the official MongoDB documentation. For now, know that it’s an optional parameter that allows us to specify how we want our write requests to be acknowledged by MongoDB.

Let’s take a look at an example where we insert a single document into a videogames collection:

“`js db.videogames.insertOne({ title: “Elden Ring”, year: 2022, company: “Fromsoftware” });

When a document is successfully inserted with `.insertOne()`, the output is an object with a field named `acknowledged` (related to the `writeConcern` parameter we mentioned earlier) with the value `true` and a field named `insertedId` where the value is the `_id` field for the newly inserted document. Here is what it looks like: "`js { "acknowledged": true, "insertedId": ObjectId("5fd989674e6b9ceb8665c63d") }

Note that if we try to insert into a specified collection that does not exist, MongoDB will create one and insert the document into the newly created collection.

Now, let’s practice using the .insertOne() method by returning to our listingsAndReviews collection inside the restaurants database.

Instructions

1.

Connect to the restaurants database. Then, query the listingsAndReviews collection for all its documents to see what the structure of each document looks like.

2.

Use the .insertOne() method to insert a new document in the listingsAndReviews collection with the following properties:

name: "Elvins", cuisine: "American", restaurant_id: "40564243"
3.

Using .findOne(), search for the document you just inserted into the collection by its restaurant_id.

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