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To process HTTP requests in JavaScript and Node.js, we can use the built-in http module. This core module is key in leveraging Node.js networking and is extremely useful in creating HTTP servers and processing HTTP requests.

The http module comes with various methods that are useful when engaging with HTTP network requests. One of the most commonly used methods within the http module is the .createServer() method. This method is responsible for doing exactly what its namesake implies; it creates an HTTP server. To implement this method to create a server, the following code can be used:

const server = http.createServer((req, res) => { res.end('Server is running!'); }); server.listen(8080, () => { const { address, port } = server.address(); console.log(`Server is listening on: http://${address}:${port}`); })

The .createServer() method takes a single argument in the form of a callback function. This callback function has two primary arguments; the request (commonly written as req) and the response (commonly written as res).

The req object contains all of the information about an HTTP request ingested by the server. It exposes information such as the HTTP method (GET, POST, etc.), the pathname, headers, body, and so on. The res object contains methods and properties pertaining to the generation of a response by the HTTP server. This object contains methods such as .setHeader() (sets HTTP headers on the response), .statusCode (set the status code of the response), and .end() (dispatches the response to the client who made the request). In the example above, we use the .end() method to send the string ‘Server is Running!’ to the client, which will display on the web page.

Once the .createServer() method has instantiated the server, it must begin listening for connections. This final step is accomplished by the .listen() method on the server instance. This method takes a port number as the first argument, which tells the server to listen for connections at the given port number. In our example above, the server has been set to listen on port 8080. Additionally, the .listen() method takes an optional callback function as a second argument, allowing it to carry out a task after the server has successfully started.

Using this simple .createServer() method, in conjunction with the callback, provides the ability to process HTTP requests dynamically and dispatch responses back to their callers.

Instructions

1.

Import the http module using require(). Save the module as a const variable called http.

2.

Create a simple server using the .createServer() method and assign it to a const variable called server.

Using the server object, make your newly created server listen on port 4001.

3.

Inside the callback function of the .createServer() method, have the server return a response of 'Hello World' using the .end() method.

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