So far, we have relied on the conditional logic of loops to exit the iterations. Sometimes we want to exit the loop early or skip an iteration. This is what the break and continue commands are for.

break will exit the loop it is executed in:

for ($i = 0; $i -lt 5; $i++) { if ($i -eq 2) { break } Write-Host $i }

The above for loop is defined to loop 5 times: $i starts at 0, and each loop will fire from $i equals 0 through 4. Inside the loop body is an if statement that checks if $i is 2, and if so, break. The following output shows that the loop exits once $i equals 2.

0 1

continue will skip a loop iteration:

for ($i = 0; $i -lt 5; $i++) { if ($i -eq 2) { continue } Write-Host $i }

Using the first example but replacing break with continue causes the loop to finish through the condition, $i -lt 5, but skip the iteration when $i equals 2. The output shows this:

0 1 3 4

As we can see, the for loop finishes its iterations but does not output 2.

break and continue are helpful when there are exceptional cases that need to be considered when looping. Your loop condition may cover some or most situations for your code execution, but break and continue can add extra behavior if necessary.



In BREAK_Example.ps1, the while loop outputs 1 through 5.

Insert the correct command inside the if ($count -eq 3) body so the loop only outputs 1 and 2.


In BREAK_Example.ps1, the for loop outputs 0 through 9.

Insert the correct command inside the if ($i % 2 -eq 0) body so the loop only outputs odd numbers.


In BREAK_Example.ps1, the switch statement outputs both: Greater than 5 and Greater than 0.

Insert the correct command inside the {$_ -gt 5} body so Greater than 5.

Once complete, try the other possible command to see if that works too.

Take this course for free

Mini Info Outline Icon
By signing up for Codecademy, you agree to Codecademy's Terms of Service & Privacy Policy.

Or sign up using:

Already have an account?