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How does redirection work?

$ echo "Hello" > hello.txt

The > command redirects the standard output to a file. Here, "Hello" is entered as the standard input. The standard output "Hello" is redirected by > to the file hello.txt.

$ cat hello.txt

The cat command outputs the contents of a file to the terminal. When you type cat hello.txt, the contents of hello.txt are displayed.

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