Codecademy Logo

Learn Node-SQLite

Print Cheatsheet

sqlite3 Module

Node.js and SQLite are separate entities, but both can be used together to create powerful applications. First, we need to link them together by requiring the sqlite3 module. Once we have required this module in our JavaScript, it will give us access to methods to perform various actions with the database.

//requiring the sqlite3 module const sqlite3 = require('sqlite3');

Creating/Connecting To A Database

In SQLite, a database corresponds to a single file. The sqlite3.Database() method can be used to create or connect to a single file.

// creating a database file const db = new sqlite3.Database('./db.sqlite');

db.get() Method

Sometimes we only need one row from a database. The method db.get() allows us to fetch a single row from a database matching a query. If multiple rows match the query only one row matching the query will be returned.

// This will return the first row matching the query. db.get("SELECT * FROM drinks WHERE type = 'soda'")

db.all() Method

A query is a statement that speaks to a database and requests specific information from it. The db.all() method allows us to execute a query that returns all rows with specific data. For example, we can use db.all() to return all rows from a table that has the pet as a cat.

// Selects a table named Animal and returns only the rows the has the pet as a cat db.all("SELECT * FROM Animal WHERE pet = 'cat'")

db.each() Method

Sometimes we want to perform an action every time a row is returned. Using the db.each() method we can do exactly that. db.each() takes a query and a callback function that it performs on each row returned from the query. db.each() can also take a second callback function, which will be called when all of the queries are completed and processed.

db.each("SELECT * FROM Sports WHERE type = 'baseball'", (error, row) => { // This will be printed everytime a row is returned console.log(`${row.name} is a good baseball team`); };

db.run() Method

Sometimes we want to do more than just get a result from a database. The db.run() method holds SQL commands that do not return rows; such as commands that will allow us to create, update tables, or insert new rows.

//creating a table db.run("CREATE TABLE user (id INT, dt TEXT)"); //updating existing table db.run('INSERT INTO Key (type, color) VALUES ($type, $color)

db.serialize() Method

Any requests we send to our database get processed as quickly as possible, which can lead to multiple requests processing at the same time. Usually, this creates efficiency but in some cases like when we want to create a table and insert rows, it can cause errors. This is because our request might try to insert a row into a table that’s not even created yet. This problem can be solved by the db.serialize() method which takes multiple requests and executes them one by one.

//each request inside this method will be executed one by one db.serialize(() => { db.run("DROP TABLE Stocks"); db.run("CREATE TABLE Stocks"); db.run("INSERT INTO Stocks (AMD, MSFT, TSLA); });

Handling Errors

sqlite3 uses Node.js error-first callback style.The first argument in the methods db.run(), db.each(), db.get(), and db.all() will always be an Error object. This object will return an error if it exists and return null if no errors are found.

// an if statement can be used to log the error if (err) { console.log(err); }