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Styling Your Applications

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The css Prop

In Emotion, the css prop is used to style elements. It can be used with object styles and tagged template literals.

// object styles
<div
css={{
backgroundColor: 'rebeccapurple',
}}
>
Content to Display
</div>
// tagged template literals
<div
css={css`
background-color: rebeccapurple;
`}
>
Content to Display
</div>

React Styled Components

Styled components are React components that have styles attached to them.

const ContentWrapper = styled.div`
width: 100vw;
height: 100vh;
display: grid;
`
function App() {
return (
<ContentWrapper>Content</ContentWrapper>
)
}

Composition

Compositions can be used to group styles together and be used in other style blocks.

const Button = styled.button`
color: black;
font-size: 1em;
margin: 1em;
padding: 0.25em 1em;
border: 2px solid black;
border-radius: 3px;
`;
// A new component based on Button, but with some override styles
const CornflowerButton = styled(Button)`
color: cornflowerblue;
border-color: cornflowerblue;
`;

Theming

In Emotion, themes are used to specify styles that are used throughout the whole application. Styles defined in the theme can be used as variables in other style blocks.

import { ThemeProvider } from '@emotion/react'
import styled from '@emotion/styled'
const theme = {
colors: {
primary: 'tomato'
}
}
const AlertText = styled.div`
color: ${props => props.theme.colors.primary};
`
render(
<ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
<AlertText>alert text</AlertText>
</ThemeProvider>
)

keyframes Helper

In Emotion, the keyframes helper can be used to define animations and returns an object that can be used in other style blocks.

import { jsx, css, keyframes } from '@emotion/react'
const partyText = keyframes`
0% {
background-color: red;
}
20% {
background-color :yellow;
}
40% {
background-color: green;
}
60% {
background-color: blue;
}
80% {
background-color: red;
}
`
render(
<div
css={css`
animation: ${partyText} 1s ease infinite;
`}
>
party text!
</div>
)