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Learn Go: fmt Package

Go Fmt .Print() and .Println()

The Go fmt package supports two closely-related functions for formatting a string to be displayed on the terminal. .Print() accepts strings as arguments and concatenates them without any spacing. .Println(), on the other hand, adds a space between strings and appends a new line to the concatenated output string.

fmt.Print("I", "am", "cool") // Iamcool fmt.Println("I", "am", "cool") // I am cool

Go Fmt .Printf() Function

The Go .Printf() function in fmt provides custom formatting of a string using one or more verbs. A verb is a placeholder for a named value (constant or variable) to be formatted according to these conventions:

  • %v represents the named value in its default format
  • %d expects the named value to be an integer type
  • %f expects the named value to be a float type
  • %T represents the type for the named value

The first argument for .Printf() is the string with verb(s) followed by one or more named values corresponding to the verb(s). Unlike .Println(), .Printf() does not append a newline to the formatted string.

name := "Leslie" fmt.Printf("My name is %v", name) // My name is Leslie age := 34 fmt.Printf("I am %d years old", age) // I am 34 years old fmt.Printf("%v is of type %T", name, name) // Leslie is of type string

Go Fmt .Scan() Function

In Go, fmt‘s Scan() method allows users to input information. The function accepts an argument of an address to be scanned into.

var number int fmt.Println("What is your favorite number?") fmt.Scan(&number) fmt.Printf("Your favorite number is %d.\n", number)