print() function outputs one or more values to the terminal.
print("Hello, world!")-- Prints: Hello, world!
The program runs line by line, from top to bottom:
Single-line comments are created using two consecutive forward slashes. The compiler ignores any text after
-- on the same line.
-- This line denotes a comment in Lua.
Multi-line comments are created using
--[[ to begin the comment, and
]] to end the comment. The compiler ignores any text in between.
--[[This is all commented out.None of it is going to run!]]