Codecademy Logo

Next.js Server Components

Hybrid Rendering

Next.js applications offer patterns to combine Server and Client Components for managing static and dynamic content effectively.

  • Client Components can be directly imported into Server Components.
  • Server Components must be passed into Client Components as props for decoupled rendering.
// Example of using Client and Server Components together
import ClientComponent from './ClientComponent';
export default function ServerComponent() {
return (
<ClientComponent />

Integration of Server within Client Components

In Next.js, Server Components cannot be directly imported into Client Component modules. Instead, they should be passed through a prop for independent rendering. This decoupled approach ensures that server-side logic remains separate from client-side execution.

// ClientComponent.tsx
'use client';
export default function ClientComponent({ children }: { children: React.ReactNode }) {
return <div>{children}</div>;
// Page.tsx
import ClientComponent from './ClientComponent.tsx';
import ServerComponent from './ServerComponent.tsx';
export default function Page() {
return (
<ServerComponent />

Next.js Server Components

In Next.js, Server Components, also referred to as React Server Components (RSCs), are the default component type. They optimize load times and enhance SEO efficiency by rendering on the server.

Rendering Server Components

Server Components are rendered through a server-client coordination process.

When a request is received:

  • Next.js configures the environment for route-specific React components.
  • Rendering work is segmented into smaller units, or chunks, based on route segments.
  • Chunks are converted into the React Server Component Payload (RSC Payload).
  • The server sends the HTML and RSC Payload to the client.
  • Upon receiving the rendering data, React utilizes the RSC Payload to update the browser’s DOM, synchronizing server-rendered components with their client-side counterparts.
  • Client Components are loaded and made interactive through JavaScript hydration.

Rendering Strategies

Next.js offers three rendering strategies: static, dynamic, and streaming. These strategies enable efficient content distribution, real-time content generation, and improved load times, respectively. Developers can adjust settings to balance between serving static and dynamic responses.

Static Rendering

Static rendering in Next.js pre-generates pages at build time and can be cached and distributed via a CDN. This approach efficiently caches content, reducing server load, and is ideal for static, unchanging content.

Dynamic Rendering

Dynamic rendering in Next.js generates real-time content per request, making it suitable for personalized or time-sensitive content. However, this approach may slow response time due to its resource-intensive nature.

Streaming in Next.js

Streaming in Next.js enhances load times by progressively sending UI chunks to the client. This feature allows users to interact with parts of the page as they become available. It’s especially useful for pages with delayed data fetching, enabling immediate display of available content.

Server Components Implementation

In Next.js, implementing Server Components involves creating a React component, with Next.js automatically handling the server-side rendering process.

import React from 'react';
// Server Component for displaying item details
export default function ItemDetails({ itemId }: { itemId: ItemIdType }) {
return (
<h2>Item: {}</h2>

Benefits of Server Components

Server Components in Next.js offer multiple advantages:

  • They execute server-side, reducing client-side load by excluding them from the JavaScript bundle.
  • They fetch data server-side, optimizing application performance by offloading tasks to the server.
  • Server Components transmit only necessary output to the client, enhancing efficiency and reducing bandwidth consumption.

Suspense with Fallback Components

React Suspense and Fallback Components, when used alongside Next.js Server Components, enable developers to define custom Suspense Boundaries. This enhances user interaction by suspending rendering during loading and displaying placeholders like loaders or skeleton screens.

import { Suspense } from 'react';
// Define a fallback component
const FallbackComponent = () => <p>Loading...</p>;
function MyComponent() {
return (
<Suspense fallback={<FallbackComponent />}>

Roles of Server and Client Components

Server Components efficiently handle data and backend interactions, while Client Components focus on interactivity and state management. Understanding and applying these distinct roles optimizes server-side efficiency and user experience in Next.js applications.

Learn More on Codecademy