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Components and Props

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Returning HTML Elements and Components

A class component’s render() method can return any JSX, including a mix of HTML elements and custom React components.

In the example, we return a <Logo /> component and a “vanilla” HTML title.

This assumes that <Logo /> is defined elsewhere.

class Header extends React.Component { render() { return ( <div> <Logo /> <h1>Codecademy</h1> </div> ); } }

React Component File Organization

It is common to keep each React component in its own file, export it, and import it wherever else it is needed. This file organization helps make components reusable. You don’t need to do this, but it’s a useful convention.

In the example, we might have two files: App.js, which is the top-level component for our app, and Clock.js, a sub-component.

// Clock.js import React from 'react'; export class Clock extends React.Component { render() { // ... } } // App.js import React from 'react'; import { Clock } from './Clock'; class App extends React.Component { render() { return ( <div> <h1>What time is it?</h1> <Clock /> </div> ); } }

this.props

React class components can access their props with the this.props object.

In the example code below, we see the <Hello> component being rendered with a firstName prop. It is accessed in the component’s render() method with this.props.firstName.

This should render the text “Hi there, Kim!”

class Hello extends React.Component { render() { return <h1>Hi there, {this.props.firstName}!</h1>; } } ReactDOM.render(<Hello firstName="Kim" />, document.getElementById('app'));

defaultProps

A React component’s defaultProps object contains default values to be used in case props are not passed. If a prop is not passed to a component, then it will be replaced with the value in the defaultProps object.

In the example code, defaultProps is set so that profiles have a fallback profile picture if none is set. The <MyFriends> component should render two profiles: one with a set profile picture and one with the fallback profile picture.

class Profile extends React.Component { render() { return ( <div> <img src={this.props.profilePictureSrc} alt="" /> <h2>{this.props.name}</h2> </div> ); } } Profile.defaultProps = { profilePictureSrc: 'https://example.com/no-profile-picture.jpg', }; class MyFriends extends React.Component { render() { return ( <div> <h1>My friends</h1> <Profile name="Jane Doe" profilePictureSrc="https://example.com/jane-doe.jpg" /> <Profile name="John Smith" /> </div> ); } }

props

Components can pass information to other components. When one component passes information to another, it is passed as props through one or more attributes.

The example code demonstrates the use of attributes in props. SpaceShip is the component and ride is the attribute. The SpaceShip component will receive ride in its props.

<SpaceShip ride="Millennium Falcon" />

this.props.children

Every component’s props object has a property named children. Using this.props.children will return everything in between a component’s opening and closing JSX tags.

<List> // opening tag <li></li> // child 1 <li></li> // child 2 <li></li> // child 3 </List> // closing tag