If you’re thinking about getting into web development, you’ve probably read about CSS while doing your background research. Not only is it a basic requirement if you want to become a Web Developer, but you’ll use it daily on every webpage you work on in this field.

CSS is also useful for people who may never build a web application. Whether you’re pursuing a career in web development or not, read on to learn more about what CSS is, what it’s used for, and why it could be beneficial for you to learn it. We’ll also show you how to get started learning CSS. It’s a simple language to learn, whether or not you have knowledge of programming languages.

What is CSS?

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. It’s a style sheet or presentational language that’s used to layout, format, and style documents that are written in HTML. Without CSS style sheets, every webpage you visit would look the same and use the default styles that your web browser sets. So, CSS is used to give webpages a unique look.

Similar to HTML, CSS is not a standard “programming language.” You don’t need to know about loops, variables, and other concepts you might pick up in a computer science course. Instead, CSS targets specific elements in an HTML file based on their attributes and applies a custom style. It can change the color and size of a heading, add animated effects, apply background images, make pages look great in both desktop and mobile browsers, and more.

Why learn CSS?

CSS is considered to be one of the easiest languages to learn. Its basic rules and syntax are simple, and you could start styling web pages after a single day of learning (if you’re already familiar with HTML). It may take longer to learn its more advanced features, but once you do, the same rules apply.

While CSS is a relatively simple language, its capabilities have evolved over the years. Here are some of the most popular ways CSS is used.

To build beautiful websites

While it’s true you can build a complete website with only HTML, why would you want to? Without CSS, your website will look like any other site with black text, a white background, and blue links that turn purple after you click them. With CSS, you can build a website that fits your brand, is designed to portray a certain look and feel, and brings visitors back.

To customize content management systems

WordPress, Drupal, and other content management systems make it easy for a non-technical person to publish articles and blog posts quickly. But eventually, you may want to customize the way the whole site or a single post looks. Knowing CSS will give you the ability to do just that without hiring a Web Developer.

To add animation to webpages

Who says you have to know a programming language to add dynamic effects to a webpage? Modern CSS has a lot of animation features that don’t require you to know JavaScript, and some of the effects you’ll find in CSS are even more advanced than those in JavaScript.

To make websites mobile-friendly

In the past, all you had to worry about was if your site looked good in a desktop web browser. But that’s not the case anymore. Most people visit websites on their mobile devices, so sites need to look good on both desktops and mobile devices. With CSS, you can build webpages that do double duty.

Who should learn CSS?

CSS is a valuable language to know for anyone involved in the web development process. Here’s a closer look at specific roles where it’s beneficial to know CSS.

Web Developers

Along with HTML and JavaScript, CSS is one of the three technologies used to build web pages. You must know all three to create the front end of a website. Employers like to know that you can do the entire job rather than relying on a CSS expert to add all the styles to a site. (Want to learn how build a web page? Check out our Build a Website with HTML, CSS, and GitHub Pages skill path.)

Web Designers

Web Designers are Graphic Designers that specialize in the design of web pages. The style of the web has a different language than print media. That language is CSS. A Web Designer that knows CSS can speak the language of Web Developers and make the whole development process easier by creating designs that follow web standards.

Content Managers

Content is one of the best ways to draw visitors to a site. While Content Managers may never need to know a programming language because content management systems like WordPress make it easy for them to publish content with the click of a button, there may be times they want to style parts of an article differently. This is where CSS comes in. Knowing CSS means you won’t have to wait on a Web Developer to publish.

Project Managers

When a Project Manager knows CSS, they can communicate more effectively with the web development team. The more a Project Manager knows the technologies of the web, the better they’ll know what’s actually possible in a web design and how long it’ll take to complete it.

How to learn CSS

Since there are many aspects of CSS that make it an easy language to learn, you can learn CSS by yourself, on your own schedule, anywhere you have an Internet connection. And it doesn’t have to be boring, especially since you can start making changes to webpages relatively quickly, or take time away from your busy schedule.

Check out our Learn CSS course to get started. It’ll show you how to add color, background images, animation, and more to HTML pages. You can take the course at your own pace, and when you’re done, you’ll be able to customize any webpage.

HTML & CSS Courses & Tutorials | Codecademy
HTML is the foundation of all web pages. It defines the structure of a page, while CSS defines its style. HTML and CSS are the beginning of everything you need to know to make your first web page! Learn both and start creating amazing websites.

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