Like the war tatic used by the ancient Greeks in their fight against Troy, a Trojan is malware that pretends to be a legitimate application, like an online game, to gain control over a user’s computer and other devices.
How Trojans Gain Access to Devices
Common ways Trojans infect devices:
- User clicking on and accepting pop-up notifications without reading and fully comprehending its content.
- Failing to keep devices updated with current versions of their software.
- Downloading pirated media, such as video games, music, or movies.
Negatives of Trojans
- Monitors a person’s activity on a device.
- Sends an organization’s business reports and sensitive data to malicious third parties.
- Controls a site’s internet traffic.
Types of Trojans
Common forms of Trojan malware are:
- Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack: Used to enable a DDoS attack as the cybercriminal creates access points to attach to a device’s network.
- SMS Trojan: Sends and prevents people from receving text messages. Also generates money for cybercriminals by sending text messages to premium-rate phone numbers.
- Banking Trojan: Designed specifically to steal data from bank accounts, credit cards, debit cards, and other online payment sites.
Here are some ways to prevent Trojans from infecting a device.
- Use strong passwords.
- Use a new tab to login to accounts.
- Update software on a regular basis.
- Never click on unsolicited links and download unexpected attachments.
- Download an anti-virus program from a reputable source.