git rm command is used for removing files or directories from a Git repository.
To remove a file from Git, it has to be removed from tracked files (from the staging area) and then committed. The
git rm command accomplishes this task. It also removes the file from the working directory so that it’s no longer an untracked file.
Deleting a File From the Working Directory
If a file is deleted from the working directory, it will appear in the “Changes not staged for commit” section of the
git status output.
rm PROJECTS.mdgit status
git rm for Staged File Removal
git rm stages the removal of the file, preparing it for the next commit.
git rm PROJECTS.mdgit status
git rm commands supports several options, including:
--force: Used to forcefully remove a file. Use with caution as it permanently deletes the file from the working directory.
--cached: Used to remove a file from the Git repository but retain it in the working directory. It effectively stops tracking the file, but the file itself remains in the local filesystem.
-r: Used to remove a directory and its contents recursively.
--dry-run: Demonstrates what would be removed without actually removing anything.
Remove a files
To remove a file name
example.txt from the repository.
git rm example.txt
Remove a Directory and its Contents
To remove a directory named
myfolder and all its contents.
git rm -r myfolder
Remove a File but Keep it in Working Directory
To stop tracking a file
important.doc but keep it in the working directory.
git rm --cached important.doc