Published Mar 9, 2022Updated Jul 1, 2022
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The <abbr> element indicates an acronym or abbreviation of a longer word or phrase. It can use the title attribute which is optional but recommended.


Whenever the <abbr> tag is used, it should use the title attribute to convey a semantic meaning of the abbreviation or acronym.

<abbr title="">
<!-- The acronym or abbreviation here -->

While using the title attribute can be semantically helpful, it is still a good practice in accessibility to spell out the word/phrase in the text the first time before applying the <abbr> tag. Some browsers also apply default styling to the <abbr> tag like dotted underlines or translating the text into small letters.


Tomorrow I'll be heading to the Kennedy Space Center to learn about the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Touring through the
rockets used in
<abbr title="National Aeronautics and Space Administration">NASA</abbr>
will be such fun!

Abbr example

When the mouse moves over the element, the information written inside the title attribute on a tooltip is displayed.

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