Operators

Operators

Operators are used to perform operations on variables and values.

In the example below, we use the + operator to add together two values:

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Python divides the operators in the following groups:

  • Arithmetic operators
  • Assignment operators
  • Comparison operators
  • Logical operators

Arithmetic Operators

Arithmetic operators are used with numeric values to perform common mathematical operations:

Operator Name Example
+ Addition a + b
- Subtraction a - b
* Multiplication x * y
/ Division x / y
% Modulus x % y
** Exponentiation x ** y
// Floor division x // y

Assignment Operators

Assignment operators are used to assign values to variables:

  • +=
  • -=
  • *=
  • /=
  • %=

Comparison Operators

Comparison operators are used to compare two values:

Operator Name Example
== Equal a == b
!= Not equal a != b
< Less than a < b
> Greater than a > b
<= Less than or equal to a <= b
>= Greater than or equal to a >= b

Logical Operators

Logical operators are used to combine conditional statements:

Operator Description Example
and Returns True if both statements are true x < 5 and x < 10
or Returns True if one of the statements is true x < 5 or x < 4
not Reverse the result, returns False if the result is true not(x < 10)
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