# Sets

Published Aug 31, 2021Updated May 23, 2022
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A set is an unordered collection of elements without any duplicates.

Sets are especially useful for performing logical operations like finding the union, intersection, or difference between collections of elements. For example, sets could be used to determine mutual friends on a social networking site.

## Syntax

``````set_A = set(iterable)

set_B = {element_A, element_B, ..., elementZ}
``````

There are several ways to create a set, which include:

• Using the built-in `set()` function and passing in an optional `iterable` parameter.
• Hard-coding a set with dictionary-like syntax (`{}`) where each element is unique.

## Codebyte Example

In the example below, sets are created with lists and the `set()` function. The following observations can be made:

• The first time the `animals` set is created with no parameters and printed, “set()” is printed to the shell.
• When the `dog_breeds` set is created, it has duplicate elements with a `corgi` value that is reduced to one by the time the set is printed.
`usVisit uscodeHide codeCodeOutputHide outputHide outputLoading...`

## Sets

Adds a specified single element to a set.
.clear()
.copy()
Returns a shallow copy of a specified set.
.difference()
Returns a new set of objects unique to a given set when compared to others.
.difference_update()
Modifies a set by removing all elements present in another set.
Removes a specified element from a set.
.intersection()
Returns a new set with objects that exist inside two or more sets
.isdisjoint()
Checks whether two sets contain a common element in them.
.issubset()
Checks whether all elements in one set exist within another specified set.
.issuperset()
Checks whether all elements of the specified set exist in the original set.
.pop()
Removes and returns a randomly chosen element from a set.
.remove()
Removes the specified element from a set.
.symmetric_difference()
Returns elements that occur in either of the two sets but not in both.
.symmetric_difference_update()
Updates the original set by removing items present in both sets and adding items unique to each set.
.union()
Returns a new set that combines objects from all sets involved, removing any duplicates.
.update()